Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
 
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based therapy shown to be effective in the treatment of many mental health difficulties.

The 'cognitive' aspect of CBT is based on the theory that our cognitions (or thoughts) about ourselves and situations influence feelings
and behaviours. This can explain why some people experience things which happen in their lives very differently to other people, because of the
meanings associated with these things. The idea is that different thoughts give rise to different emotions, for example:
  •    " Nobody will ever like me, I am boring " (leading to feelings of depression)
  •    " How dare that person say that, I've not done anything wrong " (leading to feelings of anger)

The 'behaviour' aspect of CBT refers to the things we do and how we respond to the thoughts we have. The premise of CBT is that changing
what we do can have a big impact on how we think and feel. Examples of unhelpful behaviour which can maintain distressing emotions may
be avoiding people because of a fear they might ignore you, but because of the avoidance failing to challenge these thoughts and realise that
people may in fact be very friendly.

CBT can therefore help you notice unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaviour which may be reinforcing feelings of distress, and provide
practical
ways of changing these for the better.

The theory behind CBT is different from more traditional medical approaches to mental illness as it suggests a 'continuum principle', whereby
mental health problems arise from exagerrated or extreme versions of normal thinking and emotional processes, as opposed to being medical pathological states which only happen to certain people. This makes it a very helpful therapy for anybody to use at different stages in their lives
for different problems.